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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

g0                                               THE OHJLUinmjt
is, igoreover, always described in the old topographies as at Aktarpur.* This
latter name is aow restricted in application to a village some throe miles dis-
tant ; bat in the 16th century local divisions were few in number and wide in
extent and beyond a doubt the foundation of the imperial sarie was the origin
of the village name which has now deserted the spot that suggested it. The
.separate existence of Chanmuha is known to date from a very recent period,
when the name was bestowed in consequence of the discovery of an ancient
Jain sculpture, supposed by the ignorant rustics to represent the four-headed
(cliawnulia) god, Brahma.
Though these sar&es were primarily built mainly from selfish motives on
the line of road traversed by the imperial camp, they were at the same time
enormous boons to the general public; for the highway was then beset with
gangs of robbers, with whose vocation the law either dared not or cared not to
interfere. On one occasion, in the reign of Jah&ngir, we read of a caravan
having to stay six weeks at Mathura before it was thought strong enough to
proceed to Delhi ; no smaller number than 500 or 600 men being deemed ade-
quate to encounter the dangers of the road. Now, the solitary traveller is so
confident of protection that, rather than drive his cart up the steep ascent that
conducts to the portals of the fortified enclosnxe? he prefers to spend the night
unguarded on the open plain. Hence it conies that not one of the saries is
now applied to- the precise purpose for which it was erected* At Chh&t&, one
comer is occupied by the school, another by the offices of ihe tahsildar and
local policy and a street with a double row of shops has recently been con-
structed in tie centre ; at Chaumdh& the solid walls have im past years been
nndermiiied and carted away piecemeal for building materials ; and at Koslj
the principal bazar lies between the two gateways and. forms ihe nucleus of lie
town.
StaH more complete destruction has overtaken ihe ' Ajsamab&d sadtaj which
seems to have "been iihe largest of the series, as it certainly was the plainest and
ihe most modem. Its ©rectioa is ordinarily ascribed by ihe people on the spot
to Prince 'Awn, t&e son of Aurangzeb3 being the only historical personage of
* AftAUMipac,f)grthexMdiidftis a krgs and rerj deep bfaii »gpranched bj s flight at
7® steps* ones cmd with itcme* whSdi has now been, almoifc all tripped off ®»d applied by to
®Hi®r pmrpoaea.  Immediately adjoining axe the mini of » mwqw* m& tom\ ml
Thebumadaisrw®0iof tto latteraw aawfor the
md at the sight Mo®ipes that crowned th@ extttmitle® of th$           on!/ ®m
Thsm ®s$mmxe wo*r aie aald to ha?c- been constrocted mm* two «aiftuH*s ag® ty •
TWkiarmms^ I^alosiaL  AffSibihaol theAgw